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2014年成人学士学位英语词汇及常用语法集锦

湖南成人高考  2014-09-12 10:08:52

成人本科学士学位英语词汇及常用语法集锦,希望对您备考复习有所帮助。成人本科学位英语考试,除了《成人英语三级词汇手册》列出的词之外,我们学习词汇时还应注意容易混淆的词。英语中有些词,词形和读音相近,但意义却不同;有些同义词,基本意义相同,但内涵的意义有很大差异。我们必须在广泛阅读的基础上,仔细观察每一个词在不同上下文中的含义和用法,从而学会正确使用它。

1 虚拟语气

宾语从句:

order, demand, require, request, direct, command, urge, rule,suggest, advise, vote, propose move, recommend, prefer, decide, insist, desire, decree

主语从句:

vital, important, essential, imperative, obligatory, necessary,unnecessary, impossible, sad, strange, natural, advisable, fitting, proper, appropriate, desirable

2 不定式

通常只接动词不定式作宾语的常考动词:

agree, attempt, claim, decide demand, ask, hesitate, beg ,fail, care,consent, promise, desire, hope, intend, learn, offer, plan, refuse, prepare,pretend, strive, require, appear, arrange, expect, manage, tend, afford,wish, want, seem ,struggle, swear, threaten, wait, undertake,venture,seek ,resolve, aim, determine, endeavor, apply, claim, pledge, pretend,profess, refuse, volunteer, vow, happen ,guarantee,neglect, proceed,prove, condescend, consent, trouble, bother(negative), care(negative), choose, fail etc

用于动词+宾语+不定式结构的常考动词:

force, hire, tell, require, teach, warn ,allow, ask, inform, beg, convince,expect, invite, order, permit, promise, instruct, prepare, urge, remind, want,advise, persuade, dare, forbid, like, challenge, request, get, need ,oblige,encourage, enable, compel, recommend, declare, prove, command, encourage, enable, lead, press, etc

用于be+形容词+不定式结构的常考形容词:

anxious, boring, dangerous, pleased, hard, eager, easy, fortunate,strange,good, ready, usual, prepared, surprised, common, useless, asked, lucky,difficult, likely satisfied, careful, sure, glad, bored, certain, etc

用于名词+不定式结构的常考名词:

failure, offer, plan, ability, decision, desire, chance, permission, occasion,fun, honor, capacity, wish, pleasure, opportunity, demand,way ,refusal, responsibility, freedom, promise, etc.

后面跟省去to的不定式作宾补的常考动词:

see watch, notice, observe, hear, listen to, feel ,get, make, have, let ,help, bid, know, look at ,smell,etc

 

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