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2016年湖南成考学位英语考试词汇与语法练习一

湖南成人高考  2016-01-07 11:29:04

1. Tryon was extremely angry, but coo1-headed enough to ____ storming into the boss's office.

A)prevent B)prohibit C)turn D)avoid

2. The ship's generator broke down, and the pumps had to be operated ____ instead of mechanically.

A)manually B)artificially C)automatically D)synthetically

3. The boy spent as much time watching TV as he ____ studying.

A)does B)had C)was D)did

4. The author of the report is well ____ with the problerns in the hospital because he has been working there for many years.

A)informed B)acquainted C)enlightened D)acknowledged

5. The mother didn't know who ____ for the broken glass.

A)blamed B)be blamed C)to blame D)would blame

6. He ____ to his customers and halved the price.

A)leaked B)drew C)quoted D)yielded

7. All flights ____ because of the terrible weather, they had to go there by train.

A)having been canceled B)had been canceled C)having canceled D)were caneled

8.Contrast may rnake somthing appear more beautiful than it is when ____ alone.

A)seen B)is seen C)to be seen D)having been seen

9.The football game comes to you ____ from New York.

A)lively B)alive C)live D)living

10. None of us expected the chairman to ____ at the party. We thought he was still in hospital.

A)turn in B)turn over C)turn up D)turn down

参考答案及解析

1.译文:Tryon生气极了,但他却保持头脑冷静,没有在老板的办公室里发泄出来。

答案为[D]:本题考点:动词词义及结构辨析。avoid后必须跟动名词。其它选项均不带动名词。[A]prevent阻止;[B]prohibit禁止。

2. 译文:船的发电机坏了,水泵只能用人力而非机械来开动。

答案为[A]:本题考点:副词词义辨析。manually用手工操作,与"mechanically"相对。[B]artificially人工地,不自然地;[C] automatically自动地;[D] synthetically综合地,合成地。

3. 译文:这个男孩在看电视和学习上花的时间一样多。

答案为[D]:本题考点:代动词一致问题。本句中先行动词 spent用过去时,且为实义动词,因此用did代替spent,故[D]正确。

4.译文:报告的作者谙熟这所医院的情况,因为他在这里工作了许多年。

答案为[B]:本题考点:过去分词词义及结构辨析。acquainted熟悉,了解,常跟介词 with;[A]inform sb.of sth.告知某人某事;[C]enlighten启发,开导,enlighten sb.on sth.;D]acknowledge承认,对……表示感谢。

5.译文:母亲不知道玻璃砸破是谁的责任。答案为[C]:本题考点:宾语从句中连词加不定式的情况。to blame该怪罪,应承担责任的。例如:He has only himself to blame for this accident.这场事故只能怪他自己。

6.译文:他向顾客让步,只收了一半的价钱。

答案为[D]:本题考点:动词词义及结构辨析。yield to让步,屈服。其它选项均不带to。[A]leak漏水,气等;[B]draw画,拉;[C]quote引用。

7.译文:由于所有的航班都被取消,他们只好乘火车去那儿。

答案为[A]:本题考点:独立主格结构。动作发生在主句之前,故选[A].

8.译文:对比可以使某些事物显得比单独看时更加漂亮。

答案为「A」:本题考点:连词后的省略情况。在when,unless,although,if,while,as,until,等连词后可省略相同的主语与be.

9.这场足球赛是从纽约现场直播传送到你面前的。

答案为[C]:本题考点:近义词辨析。Lively在此指“现场直播方式,从现场”。[B]alive活着的,常做表语;[C]live 常做定语,有生命的。[D]living活的,在使用中的。译文:

10.译文:我们都未料到主席会在晚会上出现,我们原以为他还在医院里。

答案为[C]:本题考点:动词短语辨析。[C]turn up出现,在场;[A]turn in交上,上交;[B]turn over翻转,移交;[D]turn down拒绝,关小,调低。

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